Pharyngitis (inflammation of the throat) is inflammation of the back wall of the nose and mouth cavity. Two types of pharyngitis, acute and chronic, are seen and the two are different. Sudden onset, severe inflammation is acute pharyngitis. The laryngeal pharyngitis is mild pharyngitis. The indication of acute pharyngitis is not only related to the throat. Symptoms such as sore throat, burning in the throat, dryness, as well as vocalization, fever, fatigue, runny nose can also be seen. Usually a type of upper respiratory infection is mentioned. Chronic pharyngitis does not have fever or malaise, but there is a strong feeling of swallowing, a coughing cough, burning, stretching, a feeling of foreign body sticking and frequent cleansing of the throat. Infection still affects, but chronic inflammation plays a bigger role, for example as a throat irritant, such as air pollution. If acute pharyngitis is repeated frequently, chronic pharyngitis may develop.
What are the causes of pharyngitis?Acute pharyngitis may occur with upper respiratory tract diseases. Viruses that cause diseases such as colds or flu can also cause acute pharyngitis. Coughing or sneezing can cause pharyngitis, as well as viruses and bacteria that are released into the air, as well as touching your mouth or nose to a bloody surface. Antibiotics do not help to heal sore throat caused by the virus unless a bacterial inflammation such as streptococcal infection is involved. In addition to viruses, factors that irritate the throat such as cigarettes, alcohol, dry air, dusty air, air pollution, nasal discharge, very hot or cold food-drinks play an active role in chronic pharyngitis. Reflux disease, which can be defined as the escape of stomach acids to the food and breathing tubules, also causes throat irritation. This long-term irritation of the throat can cause chronic pharyngitis. Pharyngitis due to nasal obstruction may develop not only due to infection. When the nasal bone is curved, such as nasal stuffiness, it begins to breathe orally, which causes throat constriction and irritation of the throat creates the basis for chronic pharyngitis. Pollen, airborne allergens can irritate the throat, creating a chronic pharyngitis. Hay fever is among the causes of chronic pharyngitis. Consumption of cigarettes and alcohol, smoking in smoky environments also poses a risk for chronic pharyngitisWhat are the symptoms of pharyngitis?The main symptom of acute pharyngitis is sore throat. Other symptoms include high fever, difficulty swallowing, nasal discharge, redness in the throat, headache, joint aches, weakness, muscle aches, screeching, coughing and swelling of the lymph glands, and ear pain. In chronic pharyngitis, unlike acute pharyngitis, there are few complaints such as fever, fatigue and resentment. Complaints about the Bosphorus are much waner, but they never disappear or come out very easily. There are complaints such as dry feeling, stinging, burning, dryness, foreign body sensation, stabbing, difficulty in swallowing in the throat. It can be accompanied by a cough in the form of a stinging cough. Patients will feel relieved by cleaning their throat, and they will constantly make a cleaning move. However, this often causes more irritation of the throat.
How is pharyngitis diagnosed?The diagnosis of both acute and chronic pharyngitis is based on the patient’s findings and examination findings. Generally, there is no need to perform any tests. However, if sinusitis is considered, filming or rarely a blood count or culture-antibiogram may be required. If another disease is thought to be caused by pharyngitis, this can be done.What are the treatment methods of pharyngitis?Antibiotics will not be useful for pharyngitis caused by viruses. However, antibiotics may be recommended for severe infections or when the immune system is very weak. In addition to antibiotics, pain relievers, antihistamines, nasal decongestants, cough suppressants and mouthwashes can be used in patients with allergies. Pastilles are often useless.Treatment of chronic pharyngitis is very difficult. Both the practitioner and the patient need to pay attention to some situations. However, chronic pharyngitis can not, in fact, be completely removed. Whether or not there is another factor that causes chronic pharyngitis should be considered to determine the treatment. If he does, he needs his treatment first. Antibiotics are often useless. Allergy, curvature of the nasal bone or diseases such as meat, sinusitis, reflux should be corrected surgically if necessary.
What to do in patients with chronic pharyngitis*Not to use alcohol,*Not to use smoke,*They should not shout too much,*Do not consume coffee and tea very hot, (Light and warm)*Stay away from very cold and very hot foods,*Stay away from coke and other caffeine-containing beverages,*They should stay away from very bitter and very sour food like lemon, pickles,*Not to be in dusty environments,*Stay away from all kinds of food that is burning and burning throat,*For the stomach burning, consult the doctor immediately *If your doctor suggests, you should put a tea spoon rock salt, a tea spoonful of carbonat in a warm water glass of tea and make mouthwash 4-5 times a day,*If symptoms such as fever, nasal discharge are added to the throat pain, consult the doctor immediately,*If there is a continuous nasal obstruction, complaints about not being able to breathe comfortably from this place, consult a doctor,*Despite all treatment and recommendation, it is recommended to apply to a doctor if there is a cough that has not passed, if the throat continues to gash.*Wet towels, laundry can be put around to moisten the environment at night.