Surgery

Endsocopic sinus surgery

Sinusitis If you have nasal congestion, facial pressure, cough and thick nasal discharge, you may have rhinosinusitis, commonly referred to as sinusitis. Your sinuses are hollow cavities within your cheekbones, around your eyes and behind your nose. They contain mucus, which helps to warm, moisten and filter the air you breathe. When something blocks the mucus from draining normally, an infection can occur.Acute Sinusitis Acute sinusitis refers to sinusitis symptoms lasting less than four weeks. Most cases begin as a common cold. Symptoms often go away within a week to 10 days; but in some people, a bacterial infection develops.Chronic Sinusitis Chronic sinusitis, also referred to as chronic rhinosinusitis, is often diagnosed when symptoms have gone on for more than 12 weeks, despite medical treatment.People with allergic rhinitis or asthma are more likely to suffer from chronic sinusitis. This is because the airways are more likely to become inflamed when allergic rhinitis or asthma are present. Sinusitis may also be caused by an infection, a fungus, deviated nasal septum, nasal polyps or in rare cases an immune system deficiency.Endoscopic Sinus SurgeryEndoscopic sinus surgery is a surgical procedure used to remove blockages in the sinuses. These blockages can cause sinusitis, in... ...

Read More

Esthetical and Functional Nose Surgery

 Septoplasty  and Turbinate SurgeryThe septum is made of cartilage and bone. The cartilage and bone of the septum are lined by a thin membrane called mucosa. This layer acts like a layer of skin for the inside of the nose. This layer covers and protects the cartilage and bone. It also helps to keep the inside of the nose moist.    When the septum is deviated, one or both sides of the nose can become blocked. In these instances, surgery can help correct the deviation and improve airflow. Surgery to correct a deviated septum is called a septoplasty. Septoplasty is most commonly performed to help relieve nasal obstruction. Sometimes, septoplasty is a necessary part of other surgical procedures like sinus surgery or nasal tumor removal. During a septoplasty, your surgeon will attempt to straighten the cartilage and bone that have led to the septum being deviated. During the procedure, the lining (the mucosa) is first lifted off the cartilage and bone. The cartilage and bone can then be reshaped. Sometimes, portions of the cartilage and bone need to be removed. The lining is then laid back down. Because the septal cartilage has 'memory'--it has a tendency to assume... ...

Read More

Head and Neck Cansers

HEAD AND NECK CANCERSHead and neck cancers can occur under the influence of various factors and constitute approximately 10% of all body cancers. Head and neck cancers are named in various forms according to the region where they are located and the sub-locality in this region (Table 1).Table 1: Head and Neck CancersScalp and facial skin cancersNose, paranasal sinus cancersLip cancerNasopharynx cancersOral cavity cancers (tongue, oral cavity, gingiva, cheek, hard palate, soft palate)Larynx (Throat) cancersCancers of the hypopharynxRetromolar trigone cancersPriform sinus cancersOrofarinks cancersPost cricoid carcinomasTonsillar cancersFarinx's posterior wall cancersCervical esophagus cancersTongue cancerCervical tracheal cancersFarinx's posterior wall cancersThyroid cancersSalivary gland cancersTo be Alert for warning signs: No SMOKING, Less Head and Neck Cancer Risk. Smoking is the most preventable cause of these deaths. More than 200,000 people die each year from smoking-related illnesses in the United States. The good news is that this number drops with the increase in the number of Americans who quit smoking. The bad news is that some smokers are turning to smokeless tobacco, chewable tobacco, which is a safe alternative but not true. This only carries the cancer risk in the lungs from the lungs. The incidence of head and neck cancer is increased while the... ...

Read More

Snoring Surgery

OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNE SYNDROMEExcessive snoring in sleep is a disease that eventually occurs inadequate and uncomfortable breathing in sleeping. Approximately 5-9% of people has breathing problems in sleep.SNORING (OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNE SYNDROME) CAN CAUSE SERIOUS HEALTH PROBLEMS • Forgetfulness, lack of attention• Hypertension• Heart attack• Heart rhythm disorder• Congestion after cerebral infarction• Difficulty in controlling diabetes• Decreased sexual performance• Traffic and work accidents and go asleep while driving or paying attention to a work in Whom can be seen OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNE SYNDROME?• In men (equalized after menopause)• At older ages (40-60)• When there is excess weight• Where the neck is thick• Smokers• Alcohol users• Sedative, antidepressant, sleeping pills, etc. In use• In a situation where it is difficult to breathe in the nose or throat (such as the nasal bone deviation, large tonsils and adenoids) HOW OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNE SYNDROME IS DIAGNOSED? • by analyzing a night sleep study (polysomnography) in the sleep laboratory.• During sleep study (polysomnography), your sleep status and abnormalities in your sleep due to your breathing exchange, rhythm of your heart, devices monitoring your blood oxygen level are observing by the electrodes that are stuck to your body with monitoring.• Data obtained using specially developed computer... ...

Read More

Salivary Glands Surgery

 SALIVARY GLAND  DISEASES Salivary Glands There are two groups of salivary glands, major and minor, in our body. Major salivary glands are parotid gland, submandibular gland, sublingual gland. Apart from these, there are a large number of minor salivary glands spread all over the mouth and throat. The salivary gland's main task is to produce saliva. The saliva produced is moisturizing the mouth and throat, is effective in defending against microbes and helps digestion. The saliva produces about 1.5 liters of saliva per day.Inflammation of Salivary gland (Sialoadenitis) Salivary glands may be infected by viruses and bacteria. Viruses are the most common cause of mumps virus and are seen mostly in children, especially parotid glands. The swollen salivary gland rapidly develops painful swelling and redness. Pain medications and antiinflammatory drugs are used to treat viral salivary gland inflammation. Antibiotics are also used in addition to bacterial inflammation. The patient is offered plenty of water. Surgical removal of the salivary gland may be necessary for chronic (inflammatory) infections, which often recur and cause permanent damage to the salivary glands. Stones in Salivary Glands (Sialolithiazis) Sialolithiasis may develop due to reduced saliva flow and condensation, salivary duct damage, or calcium salts. The stones... ...

Read More