Cerrahi Tedaviler

Endsocopic sinus surgery

Sinusitis If you have nasal congestion, facial pressure, cough and thick nasal discharge, you may have rhinosinusitis, commonly referred to as sinusitis. Your sinuses are hollow cavities within your cheekbones, around your eyes and behind your nose. They contain mucus, which helps to warm, moisten and filter the air you breathe. When something blocks the mucus from draining normally, an infection can occur.Acute Sinusitis Acute sinusitis refers to sinusitis symptoms lasting less than four weeks. Most cases begin as a common cold. Symptoms often go away within a week to 10 days; but in some people, a bacterial infection develops.Chronic Sinusitis Chronic sinusitis, also referred to as chronic rhinosinusitis, is often diagnosed when symptoms have gone on for more than 12 weeks, despite medical treatment.People with allergic rhinitis or asthma are more likely to suffer from chronic sinusitis. This is because the airways are more likely to become inflamed when allergic rhinitis or asthma are present. Sinusitis may also be caused by an infection, a fungus, deviated nasal septum, nasal polyps or in rare cases an immune system deficiency.Endoscopic Sinus SurgeryEndoscopic sinus surgery is a surgical procedure used to remove blockages in the sinuses. These blockages can cause sinusitis, in... ...

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Tonsillectomy, Adenoidectomy, Ear Ventilation Tube

 Tonsillectomy and AdenoidectomyWhat are Tonsils and Adenoids?             Tonsils and adenoids are collections of lymphoid tissue found in the throat.  The tonsils are located on each side of the throat in the soft palate.   The adenoids are located behind the nose and above the soft palate and generally cannot be seen without the aid of special mirrors to examine these areas.  Both tonsils and adenoids function to filter bacteria and viruses entering through the nose or throat.What are tonsillitis and pharyngitis?Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils. Pharyngitis is an infection of the back of the throat (known as the pharynx).  These two infections may often occur at the same time.  Symptoms of tonsillitis of pharyngitis are fever (usually greater than 101º F or 38º C), chills, sore throat and pain on swallowing. Why Remove Tonsils and AdenoidsThere are two basic reasons that otolaryngologists recommend tonsil and adenoid surgery (T&A). These are infection and obstruction. The infectious indications should include chronicity or recurrence as support of these subcategories. The infections may include the ears, nose, nasopharynx, adenoids, sinuses, pharynx, tonsils, peritonsillar tissues and/or the cervical lymph nodes. Obstructions may involve the nasal or oral airways as well as swallowing difficulties.What are... ...

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Chronic Otitis Surgery

Tympanoplasty and Middle Ear SurgeryThe ear consists of three parts; external, middle and inner. Middle ear includes , ear drum and ossicles. gristle and ear ossicles. Any disease that affects the eardrum or ossicles can lead to conduction hearing loss by preventing sound from being transmitted to the inner ear from the external ear. Such a disease can range from a hole in the eardrum, to the destruction of one or more of the ear ossicles, to the disruption of the ossicular chain. When an inflammation develops in the middle ear, the ear can be perforated and the inflammation can flow out. This hole often heals itself and closes. If it does not improve, hearing loss usually occurs with intermittent or continuous ear flow and tinnitus.Ear CareYou should not get water into your external ear channel. When bathing or washing your head, you should put a piece of cotton coated with vaselin jelly. When swimming, there is a benefit of tightly swimming over the petals with vaselin jelly. In addition, earplugs are sold in various sizes in the market and pharmacies.You should avoid strong burning your nose. This event causes the flora of nose to reach the middle ear by... ...

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Otosclerosis Treatment

Otosclerosis Otosclerosis is an abnormal bone growth in the middle ear that causes hearing losshearing loss. Causes The cause of otosclerosis is unknown, but there appears to be a hereditary component, meaning it can be passed down through families. In this condition, an abnormal sponge-like bone grows in the middle ear. This growth prevents the ear from vibrating in response to sound waves — which must happen in order for you to hear. This lack of vibration leads to hearing loss that continues to get worse with time. Otosclerosis is the most frequent cause of middle ear hearing loss in young adults. It affects about 10% of the U.S. population. It is a disorder that gets worse slowly, usually beginning in early to mid- adulthood. It is more common in women than in men. Otosclerosis usually affects both ears. Otosclerosis can lead to not only conductive hearing loss, but to nerve loss as well. Risks include pregnancy (which may trigger onset) and a family history of hearing loss. Caucasians are more susceptible than others to otosclerosis. Symptoms • Hearing loss •  Slow hearing loss that continues to get worse •  Hearing may be better in noisy environments than quiet areas.... ...

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Cochlear Implantation

 What is a cochlear implant?    A cochlear implant is an electronic medical device that replaces the function of the damaged inner ear. Unlike hearing aids, which make sounds louder, cochlear implants do the work of damaged parts of the inner ear (cochlea) to provide sound signals to the brain.    Who can they help?Cochlear implants can help people who:have moderate to profound hearing loss in both earshave profound hearing loss in one ear with normal hearing in the other earreceive little or no benefit from hearing aidsscore 65% or less on sentence recognition tests done by hearing professional in the ear to be implantedMany people have cochlear implants in both ears (bilateral). Listening with two ears can improve your ability to identify the direction of sound and separate the sounds you want to hear from those you don’t.How do they work?A cochlear implant receives sound from the outside environment, processes it, and sends small electric currents near the auditory nerve. These electric currents activate the nerve, which then sends a signal to the brain. The brain learns to recognize this signal and the person experiences this as "hearing".The cochlear implant somewhat simulates natural hearing, where sound creates an electric current that... ...

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